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Zygomatic Implant: State of the Art

Henrique Esteves Magalhães, Priscilla Janaína De Lima Borelli Bovo, Luciano Rodrigues Neves, Marcelo Henrique Batista Santos, Rogério Luiz De Araújo Vian, Elias Naim Kassis, Álvaro José Cicareli

Abstract: Introduction: In the dental implant scenario, the rehabilitation of the maxilla severely reabsorbed with endosseous implants remains a challenge. There are less aggressive alternatives, including short implants, inclined implants, and especially zygomatic (ZI) implants. In cases where the height and width of the residual bone do not allow the placement of conventional dental implants, the ZI can be considered. Objective: Conducted a concise systematic review to analyze the main literary findings on the use of the zygomatic implant as an important alternative for a dental implant, to present the state of the art to the dental community. Methods: The present study followed a concise systematic review model. The search was carried out in the PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Cochrane Library, Web Of Science, and Scopus databases. The quality of the studies was based on the GRADE instrument and the risk of bias was analyzed according to the Cochrane instrument. Results and Conclusion: Zygomatic implants appear to be a consolidated therapeutic option for significantly atrophic maxilla, offering a promising alternative to costly heavy bone graft techniques, fewer complications, less time for rehabilitation, less required prosthodontic work, and significantly higher survival rates. Thus, the zygomatic implant is revolutionizing the implant procedure in the posterior atrophic maxilla, eliminating the complications of bone augmentation and sinus elevation, with delayed healing, showing better clinical results compared to the bone graft, pointing to a possible gold standard for a dental implant.
Keywords: rehabilitation / zygomatic / instrument / Cochrane / concise / atrophic / dental implant

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