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Silver–Graphene Oxide Nanohybrids for Highly Sensitive, Stable SERS Platforms

Mateusz Kasztelan, Anna Studzinska, Grażyna Zofia Żukowska,
Published: 7 June 2021
Frontiers in Chemistry , Volume 9; doi:10.3389/fchem.2021.665205

Abstract: Graphene oxide–silver nanoparticle nanohybrids were synthesized by simple reduction of the silver nitrate and graphene oxide (GO) mixture in water using the mild reducing agent ascorbic acid. The concentration of ascorbic acid was varied to verify the possible influence of the GO surface composition on the efficiency of the hybrid material as substrates for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Furthermore, the composites were conditioned in ammonia solution or in potassium hydroxide diluted solution. For comparison, the graphene oxide–silver nanoparticle composite has been synthesized using the ammonia-treated GO. All materials were characterized using spectroscopic and microscopic methods including UV–Vis, infrared, and Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The SERS efficiency of the nanohybrids was tested using 4-aminothiophenol (PATP). The optimal synthesis conditions were found. Ammonia and potassium peroxide drop-casted on the composite changed the SERS properties. The sample treated with KOH showed the best SERS enhancement. The variation of the SERS enhancement was correlated with the shape of the UV–Vis characteristics and the surface structure of the composites.
Keywords: plasmon / Raman spectra / Ammonia solution / Basic solution / infrared / poly-o- aminothiophenol / SERS (surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy) / Noble metal nanoparticles

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