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Draft nuclear genome and complete mitogenome of the Mediterranean corn borer, Sesamia nonagrioides, a major pest of maize

Héloïse Muller, David Ogereau, Jean-Luc Da Lage, Claire Capdevielle, Nicolas Pollet, Taiadjana Fortuna, Rémi Jeannette, Laure Kaiser,
G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics ; doi:10.1093/g3journal/jkab155

Abstract: The Mediterranean corn borer (Sesamia nonagrioides, Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) is a major pest of maize in Europe and Africa. Here, we report an assembly of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome of a pool of inbred males and females third-instar larvae, based on short- and long-read sequencing. The complete mitochondrial genome is 15,330 bp and contains all expected 13 and 24 protein-coding and RNA genes, respectively. The nuclear assembly is 1021 Mb, composed of 2553 scaffolds and it has an N50 of 1105 kb. It is more than twice larger than that of all Noctuidae species sequenced to date, mainly due to a higher repeat content. A total of 17,230 protein-coding genes were predicted, including 15,776 with InterPro domains. We provide detailed annotation of genes involved in sex determination (doublesex, insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein, and P-element somatic inhibitor) and of alpha-amylase genes possibly involved in interaction with parasitoid wasps. We found no evidence of recent horizontal transfer of bracovirus genes from parasitoid wasps. These genome assemblies provide a solid molecular basis to study insect genome evolution and to further develop biocontrol strategies against S. nonagrioides.
Keywords: Genome Assembly / Lepidoptera / Crop pest / Sex determination / Alpha-amylase / Bracoviruses

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