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Monodisperse Polymer Melts Crystallize via Structurally Polydisperse Nanoscale Clusters: Insights from Polyethylene

Sciprofile linkKyle Wm. Hall, Sciprofile linkTimothy W. Sirk, Sciprofile linkSimona Percec, Sciprofile linkMichael Klein, Sciprofile linkWataru Shinoda
Published: 14 February 2020
 by  MDPI
Polymers , Volume 12; doi:10.3390/polym12020447

Abstract: This study demonstrates that monodisperse entangled polymer melts crystallize via the formation of nanoscale nascent polymer crystals (i.e., nuclei) that exhibit substantial variability in terms of their constituent crystalline polymer chain segments (stems). More specifically, large-scale coarse-grain molecular simulations are used to quantify the evolution of stem length distributions and their properties during the formation of polymer nuclei in supercooled prototypical polyethylene melts. Stems can adopt a range of lengths within an individual nucleus (e.g., ∼1–10 nm) while two nuclei of comparable size can have markedly different stem distributions. As such, the attainment of chemically monodisperse polymer specimens is not sufficient to achieve physical uniformity and consistency. Furthermore, stem length distributions and their evolution indicate that polymer crystal nucleation (i.e., the initial emergence of a nascent crystal) is phenomenologically distinct from crystal growth. These results highlight that the tailoring of polymeric materials requires strategies for controlling polymer crystal nucleation and growth at the nanoscale.
Keywords: Simulation / STEM / molecular dynamics / crystallization / nucleation / polyethylene / Dispersity

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