The Holy Spirit “Artisan of the Eucharist”? A Critical Analysis and Evaluation of the Epicleses in the Eucharistic Prayers of the Roman Rite
Abstract: The current article analyzes and evaluates how the explicit Spirit-epicleses in the new eucharistic prayers of the Roman rite image the Holy Spirit. The author demonstrates that the Holy Spirit is usually described in dependence from the Father or the Son (e.g., “his Spirit”) or as the instrument that the Father sanctifies with or through (e.g., “through the Spirit”), and less frequently as actively sanctifying. As we tend to talk about the Holy Spirit's epicletic involvement in a more active way than the epicleses actually do, the author pleads for more accurate language. Further, he wonders what the results of the analysis mean in the light of the Trinity's dynamic complementarity and Geistvergessenheit. Finally, he argues that talking about the Spirit as “artisan” does not inevitably lead to tritheism, as a healthy Trinitarian theology equally promotes both God's unity and three-ness.
Keywords: appropriation / epiclesis / Eucharist / Geistvergessenheit / Holy Spirit / lex orandi / lex credendi / Pneumatology / Trinity
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