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Comparison of Prenatal and Postnatal Management of Patients with Myelomeningocele

Published: 24 March 2017

Abstract: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a costly lifetime disease with many comorbidities, including sensory and motor lower limb disability, bladder/bowel dysfunction, scoliosis, club foot, and hydrocephalus. MMC treatment options have changed over time because routine use of fetal ultrasonography and MRI has provided prenatal diagnosis and the potential for fetal surgery. There is still no consensus on how to treat the MMC diagnoses prenatally, mainly related to the infrastructure required to operate on pregnant patients. This article provides an overview of prenatal and postnatal MMC repair and the features in the prenatal diagnosis.
Keywords: Myelomeningocele / Fetal surgery / Spina bifida / Hydrocephalus / Chiari II malformation

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