About a complex operator resolvent
Published: 1 January 2022
Abstract: A normed algebra of bounded linear complex operators acting in a complex normed space consisting of elements of the Cartesian square of a real Banach space is constructed. In this algebra, it is singled out a set of operators for each of which the real and imaginary parts commute with each other. It is proved that in this set, any operator for which the sum of squares of its real and imaginary parts is a continuously invertible operator, is invertible itself; a formula for the inverse operator is found. For an operator from the indicated set, the form of its regular points is investigated: conditions under which a complex number is a regular point of the given operator are found; a formula for the resolvent of a complex operator is obtained. The set of unbounded linear complex operators acting in the above complex normed space is considered. In this set, a subset of those operators for each of which the domains of the real and imaginary parts coincide is distinguished. For an operator from the specified subset, conditions on a complex number under which this number belongs to the resolvent set of the given operator are found; a formula for the resolvent of the operator is obtained. The concept of a semi-bounded complex operator as an operator in which one component is a bounded and the other is an unbounded operator is introduced. It is noted that the first and second resolvent identities for complex operators can be proved similarly to the case of real operators.
Keywords: complex operators / algebra / unbounded / imaginary / formula / normed / resolvent of the operator
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