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Na2Cu+[Cu2+ 3O](AsO4)2Cl and Cu3[Cu3O]2(PO4)4Cl2: two new structure types based upon chains of oxocentered tetrahedra

Ilya V. Kornyakov, Sergey V. Krivovichev

Abstract: Single crystals of Na2Cu+[Cu2+3O](AsO4)2Cl (1) and Cu3[Cu3O]2(PO4)4Cl2 (2) were prepared by chemical vapor transport reactions. Both crystal structures are based upon the same [O2Cu6]8+ chains formed by corner-sharing (OCu4)6+ tetrahedra and interconnected by (TO4)3− (T = P, As) tetrahedra into porous {[OCu3](TO4)2Cl}3− frameworks. The channels within the frameworks are occupied by Na+, Cu+ and Cl ions in the crystal structure of 1, whereas the channels in the structure of 2 contain edge-sharing CuO4Cl tetragonal pyramids. Both compounds are structurally related to the previously described synthetic Na2Cu+[Cu2+3O](PO4)2Cl and NaCu2+[Cu2+3O](PO4)2Cl. The compound 2 is structurally and chemically related to yaroshevskite, Cu3[Cu3O]2(VO4)4Cl2, a mineral discovered in volcanic fumaroles, but the two structure types are drastically different. The crystal chemical analysis of the title and related compounds allows to recognize a family of at least four compounds based upon {[OCu3](TO4)2Cl}3− frameworks with channels occupied by different chemical constituents.
Keywords: arsenate / copper / crystal structure / mixed-valence / phosphate / synthesis

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