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Chemical constituents and biological activities of Artocarpus heterophyllus lam (Jackfruit): A review

Bhad Pranay Raja, Bobde Meeneri Vilas, G Sibi

Abstract: Artocarpus (Moraceae) is a deciduous tree with appreciable importance as a source of edible fruit and is widely used in folk medicines. The extracts and metabolites of Artocarpus heterophyllus particularly those from leaves, bark, stem and fruit possess several useful bioactive compounds. This review indents to compile various studies on A. heterophyllus and critically evaluates its ethnomedical and ethnopharmacological properties. Several pharmacological studies from A. heterophyllus have conclusively established their mode of action in anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer activities. Based on the available data, it is concluded that Artocarpus as a promising source of useful products and opens up new avenues for novel therapeutics.
Keywords: indents / mode of action / Artocarpus heterophyllus / source / antioxidant / ethnopharmacological / promising / antimicrobial

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