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A LITERATURE REVIEW OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE, HEALTH STATUS AND PROSTHESIS SATISFACTION IN OLDER PATIENTS WITH A TRANS-TIBIAL AMPUTATION

CANADIAN PROSTHETICS & ORTHOTICS JOURNAL , Volume 3; doi:10.33137/cpoj.v3i1.33640

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Several reviews have been published regarding quality of life (QoL) and Health Status (HS) in persons with lower limb amputation (LLA). However, little has been discussed in the literature with respect to older populations (i.e. age>60 years) with trans-tibial amputation. Furthermore, the perceived satisfaction with prosthesis is another important aspect for consideration in the amputees’ life. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of trans-tibial amputation on the QoL, HS and prosthesis satisfaction, in order to determine the appropriate intervention to improve these aspects in older population of trans-tibial amputees (TTA). METHODS: Research articles, published between January 2000 to March 2019, were found using Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar databases. The methodological quality of the selected articles was assessed using the Critical Review Form-Quantitative Studies checklist. RESULTS: Ten articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected. In these papers, we can summarize that people with trans-tibial amputation have a better QoL compared to those with above knee amputation. Moreover, physical functioning and mobility are the most influencing factors for QoL and HS in older people with lower limb amputation. Finally, the prosthesis weight reduction may improve satisfaction with the prosthetic limb. CONCLUSION: Efforts have to be made in order to improve mobility in older population with transtibial amputation for better QoL and HS. This can be accomplished by means of adequate rehabilitation, pain management and an accurate choice of appropriate prosthetic components. We observed that the quality of evidence in the literature available is inadequate and future research would benefit from more prospective observational cohort studies with appropriate inclusion criteria and larger sample sizes to better understand the QoL and HS in this population. Layman’s Few studies have deeply investigated the effect of aging on Quality of Life, perceived Health Status and satisfaction with the prosthesis on older trans-tibial amputees. This review focuses on these aspects, which can guide professionals on how to improve prosthetic and rehabilitative intervention in this particular amputees’ population. The results of this review indicate that the Quality of Life and Health Status seem to be influenced by adequate rehabilitation, pain management and an accurate choice of appropriate prosthetic components. Article PDF Link: https://jps.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/cpoj/article/view/33640/26354 How To Cite: Brunelli S., Bonanni C., Foti C., Traballesi M. A literature review of the quality of life, health status and prosthesis satisfaction in older patients with a trans-tibial amputation. Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal. 2020;Volume3, Issue1, No.3. https://doi.org/10.33137/cpoj.v3i1.33640 Corresponding Author: Stefano Brunelli, MDSanta Lucia Foundation, Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care, Rome, Italy.E-Mail: [email protected]: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5986-1564
Keywords: quality of life / lower limb / older patients / Older Population / Trans Tibial / Limb Amputation / Satisfaction in Older / Tibial Amputees / status and prosthesis

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