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«Why» and «how» philosophy is needed today : methodological and ppsychological aspects

Ihor Shpachinskyi

Abstract: The article reflects some approaches of methodological and psychological nature to the teaching of philosophy in institutions of both high and general secondary education. The question of the introduction of effective methods of teaching philosophy was examined. It is actually from the point of persuasion of a modern complicated cultural situation in Ukraine and the world. This is equally important for the formation of spiritually developed personality, which is characterized by dialectical, systemic, strategic thought, the desire to create and develop oneself. The analysis of modern distance learning methods and the possibility of their application in the teaching process with the justification of the criterion of maximum usefulness and appropriate practical application, considering the skills required of a highly professional modern specialist. Among the latter, in particular, emphasis is placed on the development of some that are considered key and are a direct subject of reflection in the field of philosophy, such as "critical thinking" and "analytical thinking and innovation." The expediency of using such a type of work as an essay is considered and proposed as the most effective development of these qualities. There is a separate opinion that philosophy can be called with some caution a discipline, the study of which sometimes goes hand in hand with both psychological problems and serious mental illnesses, as well as the mental health of the individual. On the basis of the author's experience of teaching philosophical disciplines, future specialists of the relevant specialty-teachers of secondary education institutions are invited to show the beauty of a harmonious (dialectical) combination of opposites on examples from the field of their profile. Thus, in particular, the beauty of the construction of the oxymoron - philologists, the fight against Aikido - specialists in physical education, "psychological Aikido" - psychologists, so-called techniques. "TOSIP" (theories of solving inventive problems) - students of natural sciences, etc. The conclusions, in particular, state that teaching will thus be able to develop the above-mentioned certain qualities in future teachers of general secondary education, and they, in turn, will be able to develop them in their students.
Keywords: teaching / natural / general / institutions / psychological / secondary / philosophy / Specialists / MODERN / Considered

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