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Relationship of chronic kidney disease of the with glycemic status, cardiovascular diseases and laboratory indicators in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

S. Kh. Mekhdiyev, I. I. Mustafaev, M. N. Mamedov
Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention , Volume 18; doi:10.15829/1728-8800-2019-3-48-56

Abstract: Aim. To study the relationship of chronic kidney disease parameters with glycemic control, subclinical and clinical signs of cardiovascular diseases and laboratory parameters.Material and methods. The study included 528 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged 30-69 years. All respondents answered questions from the ARIC questionnaire about T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. We determined the ankle-brachial index, sonographic left ventricular hypertrophy, intima-media thickness and defined hypertensive, diabetic angiopathy and polyneuropathy. The levels of glycemia, lipid spectrum, creatinine, uric acid, glycohemoglobin were evaluted. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated using the Cockroft-Gault method, and microalbuminuria (MAU) was determined using Micral tests.Results. Glycohemoglobin did not depend on MAU (p=0,564), a decrease in GFR was accompanied by an improvement in glycemic control (p=0,393). There was a direct association between MAU and the duration of diabetes (p=0,001), in patients with a longer course of the disease GFR was reduced (p=0,001). With increasing of systolic blood pressure, MAU progressed (p=0,016), while GFR decreased (pConclusion. Reduction of GFR and MAU are the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the Azerbaijani population with T2DM. We suppose that periodic monitoring of these parameters for primary and secondary prevention of diabetic nephropathy plays an important role.
Keywords: diabetic nephropathy / microalbuminuria / cardiovascular diseases / diabetes / chronic kidney disease / Blood Pressure / T2DM / mellitus / Glycohemoglobin

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