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Clinical condition and productivity of gonadoectomized roosters of Adler silver breed

I.M. Cheverda, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, M.о. Zakharenko, V.V. Solomon

Abstract: The effect of gonadoectomy (removal of the testicles) in Adler's silver roosters on the clinical condition, live weight, slaughter rates and chemical composition of the pectoral muscle was studied. The experiment was performed on 40 roosters of 6-weeks, which according to the principle of analogues were divided into two groups: control and experimental 20 heads each. It was found that in the preparatory period, which lasted 10 days indicators of the clinical condition – body temperature, pulse and respiration, as well as live weight of the roosters of the experimental group did not differ from the control. Gonadoectomy of roosters of the experimental group, conducted at the age of 45 days by a specially developed method, increased the body temperature of the poultry on the second day after surgical intervention by 1.03°C, and on the third – by 1.15°, while other indicators of clinical condition – pulse, number respiratory movements and live weight did not change compared to control. The duration of the postoperative period in the roosters of the experimental group was 3-4 days and ended with the healing of the wound on the skin. Subsequently, body temperature, pulse and the number of respiratory movements in gonadoectomized roosters corresponded to similar indicators of poultry in the control group. The live weight of gonadoectomized roosters in the rearing process, which was monitored decadelly from the 65th to the 95th day compared to the control did not change, on 105th and 115th day had a tendency to increase, and 125th day increased by 4.8 %. Slaughter rates of gonadoectomized roosters corresponded to similar indicators of poultry of the control group. The weight of the gutted carcass was higher by 5.2% and that of the muscular stomach by 7.8%. Differences in the chemical composition of the pectoral muscle of gonadoectomized roosters compared with control, namely: on the content of dry matter, moisture, fat, protein and ash were not found. Thus, gonadoectomy of roosters of the Adler's silver meat-egg breed does not affect their clinical condition, the chemical composition of the pectoral muscles, but increases the live weight of the bird on the 125th day of rearing
Keywords: Slaughter rates / gonadoectomized roosters / clinical condition / live weight / breed / roosters of Adler / gonadoectomy of roosters / rearing

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