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The Cult of Roman Shukhevych in Ukraine: Myth Making with Complications

Published: 26 May 2016
 by  Brill
 in Fascism
Fascism , Volume 5, pp 26-65; doi:10.1163/22116257-00501003

Abstract: Ukrainian president Viktor Iushchenko’s posthumous designation of Roman Shukhevych (1907–1950), the supreme commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (upa) as a Hero of Ukraine in 2007 triggered intense, and polarized debates in Ukraine and abroad, about Second World War-era Ukrainian nationalism and its place in history. Particularly sensitive are Roman Shukhevych’s whereabouts in 1940–1943, when he served in German uniform, as a Hauptmann, or captain, in the battalion Nachtigall in 1941 thereafter, in 1942–1943 in Schutzmannschaft battalion 201, taking part in ‘anti-partisan operations’ in occupied Belarus. This article analyzes the controversy regarding the memory of Roman Shukhevych.
Keywords: hero / Roman Shukhevych / Ukrainian / Hauptmann / Belarus / polarized / supreme / Iushchenko / Posthumous

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