APPLICATION OF THE HOLT-WINTERS EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING METHOD ON THE AIR POLLUTION STANDARD INDEX IN SURABAYA
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan , Volume 10, pp 53-60; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.53-60
Abstract: The Air Pollution Standards Index (APSI) is an indicator that shows how clean or polluted the air is in a city. It also portrays the health impacts towards the people who breathe it in. Based on the Indonesian Ministry of Environment monitoring through the Air Quality Monitoring Station (AQMS), the city of Surabaya only had 22 up to 62 days of air categorized as good in a year. The purpose of this study was to forecast APSI as a scientific-based reference for making decisions and policies that were appropriate in tackling the effects of air pollution on health. This study was non-obstructive or non-reactive research. The research method used was time series to identify the time relationship. The data used were secondary data taken from the APSI documents from 2014 to 2019 at the Surabaya City Environment Agency. The results of this study obtained the best model through α (0.8), γ (0.5), and δ (0.6) with the values of MAPE (0.104355), MAD (0.00842), and MSD (0.001050) calculated with the Holt-Winters exponential smoothing method. The highest produced forecast value of APSI was in September 2020, and the smallest was in January 2020. This study suggests the government of Surabaya to create policies and programs to suppress the number within APSI.
Keywords: making decisions / Surabaya / APSI / polluted the air / Holt / exponential / Winters / SMOOTHING / model
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