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A Bifurcation Analysis and Sensitivity Study of Brake Creep Groan

Shaun Smith, , , Sean Biggs

Abstract: Creep groan is the undesirable vibration observed in the brake pad and disc as brakes are applied during low-speed driving. The presence of friction leads to nonlinear behavior even in simple models of this phenomenon. This paper uses tools from bifurcation theory to investigate creep groan behavior in a nonlinear 3-degrees-of-freedom mathematical model. Three areas of operational interest are identified, replicating results from previous studies: region 1 contains repelling equilibria and attracting periodic orbits (creep groan); region 2 contains both attracting equilibria and periodic orbits (creep groan and no creep groan, depending on initial conditions); region 3 contains attracting equilibria (no creep groan). The influence of several friction model parameters on these regions is presented, which identify that the transition between static and dynamic friction regimes has a large influence on the existence of creep groan. Additional investigations discover the presence of several bifurcations previously unknown to exist in this model, including Hopf, torus and period-doubling bifurcations. This insight provides valuable novel information about the nature of creep groan and indicates that complex behavior can be discovered and explored in relatively simple models.
Keywords: Nonlinear dynamics / bifurcation theory / creep groan / braking dynamics

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