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On Marxism’s Inheritance and Transcendence of Utopia

袁 鑫
Published: 1 January 2021

Abstract: 《乌托邦》一书全名为《关于最完美的国家制度和乌托邦新岛的既有益又有趣金书》是由英国作家托马斯莫尔于1516年完成的著作,作者为英国勋爵大法官并反对宗教改革,并且由于此书的影响,乌托邦的原意为“没有的地方”,也逐渐成为了“空想”的同义词。其二者都对现实生活具有强烈的批判意蕴,但是马克思主义并不单单批判现实然后营造出未来的抽象性,其真正意义在于变革现实世界。本文就乌托邦思想进行一些探析,旨在揭示马克思主义相关思想对其的继承与超越。 Utopia is a good and interesting golden book about the most perfect state system and utopian new island. It was written by British writer Thomas Moore in 1516. The author is Lord Chancellor of England and opposes the religious reform. Because of the influence of this book, Utopia’s willingness to be “where there is no place” has gradually become a synonym of “Utopia”. Both of them have strong critical meaning to the real life, but Marxism does not only criticize the reality and create the abstraction of the future, its real significance is to change the real world. This paper makes some analysis on utopian thought, aiming to reveal the inheritance and transcendence of Marxism related thought.

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