All-cellulose functional membranes for water treatment: Adsorption of metal ions and catalytic decolorization of dyes
Abstract: In this study, we present a facile, one-step method for the manufacturing of all-cellulose, layered membranes containing cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical)-mediated oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TO-CNF), or zwitterionic polymer grafted cellulose nanocrystals (CNC-g-PCysMA) as functional entities in combination with cellulose fibers and commercial grade microfibrillated cellulose. The presence of active sites such as hydroxyl, carbonyl, thioethers, and amines, gave the membranes high adsorption capacities for the metal ions Au (III), Co (II), and Fe (III), as well as the cationic organic dye methylene blue (MB). Furthermore, the membranes served as excellent metal-free catalysts for the decolorization of dyes via hydrogenation. A 3-fold increase of the hydrogenation efficiency for cationic dyes such as rhodamine B (RhB) and methylene blue was obtained in the presence of membranes compared to NaBH4 alone. Water-based processing, the abundance of the component materials, and the multifunctional characteristics of the membranes ensure their potential as excellent candidates for water purification systems.
Keywords: Membrane / TEMPO-cellulose nanofibers / Cellulose nanocrystals / Zwitterionic polymer / Water treatment / Hydrogenation
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Click here to see the statistics on "Carbohydrate Polymers" .