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Crowdsourced translation in software localization

Sevda Pekcoşkun Güner

Abstract: Crowdsourced translation can be defined as a localization practice performed by people who voluntarily participate in translating the content of a service or product into many languages simultaneously. Volunteer translators involved in crowdsourcing contribute to the project as translators and/or editors via online platforms. The advantages of crowdsourced translation for companies can be summarized as: source content is translated into many languages at the same time, and translation activities are on a voluntary basis, or participants work at low fees, which results in cost savings. The “Waterfall model” was used in traditional localization projects. In this method, the localization phase is started after the software or application is developed. All text components are combined, and translation activities are carried out shortly before the launch of the product. Today, localization practices are mostly performed with agile software development approaches in which iterative and collaborative methods are prominently used. Translators in the agile localization cycle are constantly involved in the workflow while product development continues. Unlike the traditional waterfall model, in agile localization, the relevant content is translated in accordance with the expectations and needs of the target audience/end users by producing innovative solutions and taking software updates into account. Besides machine translation systems and translation memories, open-source software products such as Mozilla Firefox use crowdsourced translation. In the system, there are more than 200 teams that translate into different languages and dialects. Thousands of text strings are translated into many target languages each day, and necessary editing is done. Within the scope of this study, first of all, the translator's position in software localization processes will be questioned. Then, the tasks of the translator will be explained with examples taken from the Mozilla Pontoon localization management system.
Keywords: languages / crowdsourced translation / agile / software localization / practice performed / localization practice

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