The Kilwa Massacre: Critical Analysis for a Southern Criminology
Published: 7 April 2020
International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy , Volume 9; doi:10.5204/ijcjsd.v9i2.1397
Abstract: This paper explores the 2004 Kilwa massacre in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) through a decolonial perspective, explaining how the massacre is situated within the history of colonial power and global capitalist relations. As such, the convergence of mining and political interests that created the context in which this violence was possible is examined, rather than the specific human rights abuses committed during the massacre. This approach highlights how such acts of violence are an ongoing factor of colonial and postcolonial exploitation, as well as the difficulties in holding the responsible parties accountable. This investigation shows the importance of developing a decolonial Southern criminology that contextualizes human rights abuses within local and international systems of power and locates acts of criminal violence within the broader networks of structural violence.
Keywords: Violence / structural / Massacre / decolonial / Southern Criminology / abuses / Kilwa
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