Characteristics of Mitomycin C-Loaded Peptide Hydrogel In Vitro and Antiscarring Effects in Rat Ocular Injury Model
Published: 1 March 2023
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics , Volume 39, pp 139-147; https://doi.org/10.1089/jop.2022.0102
Abstract:Purpose: To investigate the characteristics of sustained drug release systems established by an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide hydrogel and mitomycin C (MMC) in vitro, and verify their antiscar effects in rat ocular injury model. Methods: Low, medium, and high loading doses of MMC were added to 5 mL 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1% wt RGD peptide hydrogel, respectively, to prepare 9 ratios of MMC-RGD systems. Drug release characteristics of the systems in phosphate-buffered saline solution were investigated by plotting the drug release curves and fitting them with mathematical models in OriginPro8.0 software. Appropriate ratios of MMC-RGD systems were selected as treatment in rat ocular injury model. Scar formation was observed by Masson staining and immunohistochemical staining with alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibronectin (FN). Results: Nine ratios of MMC-RGD systems could release drug slowly. The maximum drug release proportions of all systems were >80%, and the time to maximum release proportions statistically prolonged with the increase of drug loading. Fitting with mathematical models indicated that the mechanisms of drug release were mainly Fick diffusion at early stage and Anomalous Transport at later stage. Systems of 1% wt RGD hydrogel were evaluated in animal experiments, which could inhibit hyperplasia of collagen and expression of α-SMA and FN. Conclusions: The RGD peptide hydrogel could be used as the carrier of MMC to establish sustained drug release system, which could inhibit scar formation after rat's ocular injury.
Keywords: glaucoma / MMC / peptide hydrogel / RGD / sustained drug release system
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