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Pentagamavunon-0 (PGV-0) Enhance Cytotoxic Effect of Doxorubicin through Increasing of Apoptosis, Senescence and ROS Level on Triple Negative Breast Cancer 4T1

Ismanurrahman Hadi, Riris Istighfari Jenie,
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention , Volume 11, pp 7-15; doi:10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev11iss1pp7-15

Abstract: TNBC, one of the sub type of breast cancers was widely known with high tumorigenic and poor prognosis than others. The development of combination agent (co-chemotherapy) with doxorubicin for chemotherapy of TNBC were carried out to decrease doxorubicin side effect and resistance in cancer. This present study aims to explore the co-chemotherapeutic properties of PGV-0 and investigate induction of doxorubicin on apoptosis, senescence and ROS against TNBC. 4T1 Cell line were used as a TNBC in vitro model. Cytotoxic measurement was performed using MTT assay resulting in IC50 values of 52 μM. Meanwhile, the combination of doxorubicin and PGV-0 showed synergistic effect which decreased cell viability of 4T1 better than single treatment of doxorubicin. Apoptosis analysis was performed using annexin V/PI assay indicated that the combination treatment of PGV-0 and doxorubicin increased apoptosis evidence. Senescence detection was carried out using senescence-associated-β galactosidase (SA-β-gal) assay. The results showed that a single treatment of PGV-0 induced cellular senescence and increased senescence cells in combination treatment. Moreover, DCFDA staining showed that PGV-0 increased ROS level at single treatment, whereas combination treatment increased ROS intracellular compared to the positive control of doxorubicin. Based on these results, PGV-0 has potential as a co-chemotherapeutic candidate on TNBC.Keyword: 4T1, PGV-0, Co-chemotherapy, Cytotoxic, Senescence, Apoptosis, ROS
Keywords: apoptosis / Treatment / Senescence / MTT assay / Pgv / Ros Level / Doxorubicin Increased / co chemotherapeutic

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