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Nutrient Intake of Rural Households That Participated in a Farming System for Nutrition Study in India

D. J. Nithya, S. Raju, R. V. Bhavani, Akshaya Kumar Panda, Rupal D. Wagh, Brinda Viswanathan
Food and Nutrition Sciences , Volume 12, pp 277-289; doi:10.4236/fns.2021.123022

Abstract: Food based approach can prove effective in improving access and availability of nutrients from foods required for daily life where most of the people depend on agriculture for their livelihood. A study on feasibility of Farming Systems for Nutrition (FSN) approach was undertaken from 2013 to 2018 in a few villages of Koraput district, Odisha state and Wardha district, Maharashtra state in India. Interventions were done to increase crop diversity, intercropping of pulses and cereals, promotion of seasonal vegetables and fruits along with nutrition awareness. The endline survey showed increase in production diversity leading to improved household dietary diversity. This paper demonstrates the impact of FSN interventions on household nutrient intake. The results show that the intake of nutrients like protein, vitamin C, iron and calcium increased significantly in Koraput and all the nutrients including energy and vitamin A increased significantly in Wardha. The evidence shows that Farming System for Nutrition approach improves individual nutrient intake which in the long run can address the problem of undernutrition.
Keywords: Nutrient Source / Nutrient Intake / Farming Systems for Nutrition / Recommended Dietary Allowance

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