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Spontaneous onset of torsade de pointes in long-QT syndrome and the role of sympathovagal imbalance.

Sciprofile linkAkira Fujiki, Kunihiro Nishida, Koichi Mizumaki, Hidehiko Nagasawa, Mayumi Shimono, Hiroshi Inoue
Published: 1 December 2001
Japanese Circulation Journal , Volume 65, pp 1087-1090; doi:10.1253/jcj.65.1087

Abstract: The net effects of sympathetic and vagal activity on the QT interval and the mode of spontaneous onset of torsade de pointes (TdP) are still unclear in long-QT syndrome. Two patients with long-QT syndrome had syncope while undergoing Holter ECG investigation. The spontaneous onset of TdP in these patients was analyzed with respect to the relation between the RR and QT intervals. Both patients were high-school students (16- and 17-year-old boys) who had been diagnosed as long-QT syndrome and followed up without medical treatment because they had had neither a history of syncope nor arrhythmia induction by treadmill exercise tests. The first episode of syncope in both patients occurred during ordinary daily life and was not related to exercise or psychological stress. The dynamic changes between the RR and QT intervals associated with the spontaneous onset of TdP were analyzed by Holter ECG. Both patients showed sinus tachycardia followed by abrupt sinus bradycardia immediately before the onset of TdP. The enhanced rate of the adaptive response of the QT interval that occurred during the deceleration of the heart rate preceded the onset of TdP. These observations suggest that the complex situation that follows sympathovagal imbalance may have an important role in the dynamic change in the QT interval and initiation of TdP in patients with long-QT syndrome.
Keywords: long QT syndrome / QT interval / Sinus / Torsade / Spontaneous Onset

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