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The History of Military Rule in Myanmar : The Structure of Its Political Dynamics

Jang Sik Park
Published: 31 August 2021

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the history of military rule in Myanmar under the perspective of autonomous history and to elucidate what its political dynamics have been. Based on a series of events with special contexts, the process of military rule, ideology, and personality will be examined according to three periods respectively. Therefore, I would like to reconsider the various meanings of military rule in the current political situation in Myanmar, where the democratic system that Myanmar people aspire to has not been established and has returned to military rule. In the first and second periods, the roles and actions of the military were determined by the leading personality and the political ideology he believed in. In the third period, however, it seems that the military rule would continue as a way to maintain the military privileged class created during the second period. The fact that the military did not easily collapse was not only in the Cold War era and the value of Myanmar’s natural resources externally, but also domestically, the status of the military, guaranteed by the 2008 Constitution, could not be ignored.
Keywords: military rule / history / Myanmar / Structure / ideology / political / second periods

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