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Deposit insurance system as a guarantee of depositor’s protection

Olena Sova, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Nataliia Poliakova

Abstract: The article examines the state and trends in the development of the deposit guarantee system for individuals in Ukraine. The challenges and needs of improving the mechanism of centralized insurance protection of depositors are identified. The authors emphasize the growing role of the Deposit Guarantee Fund of individuals in the banking market and expanding the scope of its modern mechanisms to reduce the negative effects of bank bankruptcy, which is an important factor in ensuring the stability of the banking system. Emphasis is placed on considering the disposable income of domestic households, as this indicator is an eloquent indicator of improving the country’s economic well-being. Parallels were made in the analysis of quantitative indicators of state social guarantees, namely: the expression of the living wage and the amount of the minimum wage for 2016-2020. The size of the household savings growing is estimated. The importance of converting household savings into investments for economic development is determined and the number of deposits and the value of deposits for households in 2016-2020 are analyzed. The authors also illustrate the dynamics of changes in the UIRD indicator. The deposit guarantee system is presented as an important factor in the financial stability of the state economy. The article emphasizes the successful steps of legislative regulation of the subject composition of the Deposit Guarantee Fund of Ukraine and reformation of compensation limits, which brings the domestic insurance field closer to European standards of depositor’s protection. According to the results of attracting deposits from the top-9 commercial banks of Ukraine, tables have been formed, the data in which allow making conclusions about the leaders of the deposit services market and the amount of potential reimbursement. Proposals have been formulated to improve the deposit guarantee system, aimed at optimizing insurance schemes and relations in accordance with the threats to financial security as an objective phenomenon of a market economy and the conditions of globalization.
Keywords: depositor / Ukraine / important factor / economy / domestic / Deposit Guarantee Fund / insurance

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