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Breeding Conditions for Birds in the Nowaday Farmlands of the European Russia: the Impact of Agriculture Intensification and Polarization. Part II. Birds

Sciprofile linkT. V. Sviridova, Sciprofile linkL. V. Malovichko, Sciprofile linkG. V. Grishanov, Sciprofile linkP. D. Vengerov
Povolzhskiy Journal of Ecology ; doi:10.35885/1684-7318-2019-4-470-492

Abstract: The considerable polarization of bird habitats has been formed in European Russia – extensive abandoned lands, of low suitability for nesting of typical meadow species, alternate with increasingly intensively cultivated fields. Though the abundance of most species is low in these fields, the polarization has resulted in their increasing exploitation by Eurasian Curlew, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Black-winged Pratincole, Demoiselle Crane, Montagu's Harrier, Grey Partridge, Short-eared Owl and Mallard, apart from those more typical for fields: Lapwing, Common Quail, Eurasian Skylark, Calandra Lark and Western Yellow Wagtail. However, nesting of these species on most crop fields often results in low breeding success. The trends most unfavorable for nesting birds in European Russia are conversion of grasslands into arable lands, associated with the switching to indoor keeping of cattle, and increasing no-till farming.
Keywords: polarization / BREEDING / BLACK / nesting / birds / Lands / European Russia / Eurasian

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