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Psychological characteristics of bullying among teens in the vocational school

Volodymyr Shevchenko, Viktoriia Yaremchuk

Abstract: This article highlights the problem of bullying among teens. It is determined that the age characteristics that cause an increase in the level of aggression in adolescents include exacerbation of character accentuations, as well as increasing physical activity, which can be manifested in bullying, property damage and more. It is also worth noting the active desire of children of this age for the attention, understanding and trust of adults. Teenagers are trying to play a certain social role not only with peers, but also with adults, to show a social activity that adults do not always support. Therefore, when they are exposed to psychological barriers, without finding mutual understanding with others and their families, they try to overcome them by aggressive behavior. It was found that closer to mid-teens; aggressive behavior tends to decline because of the increase in social skills for self-regulation. However, despite the high coefficients of stability of aggressive behavior in the transition from childhood to adolescence, attention should be paid to individual variability in aggressive behavior. Psychologists identify several main reasons: low self-esteem, home atmosphere and group atmosphere. The results of the study of bullying among students of 9-11 grades of the Higher Vocational School № 21 in Mykolayiv are presented. The sample consisted of 75 persons, of whom 54 were boys and 21 were girls. It was obtained that the psychological characteristics of the individual that may contribute to the emergence of bullying among students are at an average level, the indicators do not exceed the norm, respectively; pronounced characteristics of high school students in their propensity for bullying in the study group were not identified. Given all the circumstances and factors involved in the formation of aggressive behavior in adolescents, you can prevent or limit the manifestation of aggressive behavior. Today, there are numerous anti-bullying and prevention programs developed by a variety of institutions, including the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, but each needs well-trained specialists for effective implementation, and the training of qualified psychologists is an effective tool to fight bullying.
Keywords: Behavior / Children / Adolescents / adults / bullying / aggressive / Psychological Characteristics / Vocational School

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