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Serum soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 as a novel inflammatory marker predicts the severity of acute pancreatitis

Yan Zhang, Bo Cheng, Zhong-Wei Wu, Zong-Chao Cui, Yao-Dong Song, San-Yang Chen, Yan-Na Liu,

Abstract: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease in which the regulatory pathway is complex and not well understood. Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) protein receptor functions as a decoy receptor for interleukin (IL)-33 to prevent IL-33/suppression of tumorigenicity 2L (ST2L)-pathway-mediated T helper (Th)2 immune responses. To investigate the role of sST2 in AP. We assessed the association between sST2 and severity of AP in 123 patients enrolled in this study. The serum levels of sST2, C-reactive protein (CRP) and Th1- and Th2-related cytokines, including interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13, were measured by highly sensitive ELISA, and the severity of AP in patients was evaluated by the 2012 Atlanta Classification Criteria. Serum sST2 levels were significantly increased in AP patients, and further, these levels were significantly elevated in severe AP (SAP) patients compared to moderately severe AP (MSAP) and mild AP (MAP) patients. Logistic regression showed sST2 was a predictor of SAP [odds ratio (OR): 1.003 (1.001–1.006), P = 0.000]. sST2 cutoff point was 1190 pg/mL, and sST2 above this cutoff was associated with SAP. sST2 was also a predictor of any organ failure and mortality during AP [OR: 1.006 (1.003–1.009), P = 0.000, OR: 1.002 (1.001–1.004), P = 0.012, respectively]. Additionally, the Th1-related cytokines IFN-γ and TNF-α in the SAP group were higher and the Th2-related cytokine IL-4 in the SAP group was significantly lower than those in MSAP and MAP groups. sST2 may be used as a novel inflammatory marker in predicting AP severity and may regulate the function and differentiation of IL-33/ST2-mediated Th1 and Th2 Lymphocytes in AP homeostasis.
Keywords: functions / sST2 / tumorigenicity / Serum / protein / SAP / differentiation / Th1 / Th2

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