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Efficient Approach for Monitoring and Controlling Water Parameters Utilizing Integrated Treatment Based on WSNs

Tarek Srour, Ayman Haggag, Mohsen A. M. El-Bendary, Mostafa Eltokhy, Atef E. AbouElazm
Wireless Sensor Network , Volume 11, pp 47-66; doi:10.4236/wsn.2019.114004

Abstract: Research works of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) applications and its constraints solutions occupy wide area around the world and attract many researchers. In this paper, an important one of environmental WSN applications is presented that is the water monitoring applications. An efficient approach for monitoring and controlling water parameters in real-time is implemented utilizing merging between WSN and designed simple workstation. For implementation simplicity, two water parameters (pH and temperature) are monitored and controlled in the proposed approach. Most of past work of water monitoring presented different proposed monitoring scenarios for different water parameters only. This research work utilizes the concept of interactive WSN nodes. The interactive nodes interact with the monitored water parameters to control its value. In the base station, the collected data is analyzed and the real-time value of the monitored parameters appears on the designed Graphic User Interface (GUI). The GUI is designed using the Matlab program. Through the GUI, the operator can switch the control between automatic and manual. ZigBee module is used for implementing the wireless communications between the nodes and the workstation. Due to the cost and simplicity, two sensors only are used in the proposed approach. Different real-time experiments are performed to test and measure the effectiveness and performance of the presented approach. These experiments reveal that the presented approach is effective for water treatment and efficient more than the past proposed water monitoring scenarios.
Keywords: Interactive Sensing / Water Quality / Environmental Monitoring / Real-Time / Interactive WSN / WSNs Applications

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