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Lead Extraction and Re-Extractions - Inherent Parts of Permanent Pacing in Children and Young Adults

Pawel Stefanczyk, Anna Polewczyk, Dorota Nowosielecka, Lukasz Tulecki, Maria Miszczak-Knecht, Wojciech Jachec, Andrzej Kleinrok, Katarzyna Bieganowska, Andrzej Kutarski

Abstract: Children require often replacement of leads even several times. Repeated extraction in this group nay be challenging. We report the case of a 22-year-old man with the first pacemaker implanted in the first year of life, after Transvenous Lead Extraction procedure (TLE) and implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker in the age of 12 years, who was admitted to the reference center for repeated TLE and to replace the entire pacing system. The presence of complete venous occlusion, lead strain and strong lead-to-lead adherence with calcified connecting tissue scar effected TLE complicity and needed utility of numerous tools and atypical technique and tricks among of them simultaneous extraction of strongly connected each one leads together via one tool showed to be crucial.
Keywords: Children / Adults / implantation / pacemaker / Extraction / TLE / pacing / replace / Repeated / lead

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