Primary Breeding Ratio Analysis of an Improved Supercritical Water Cooled Fast Reactor
Published: 1 January 2015
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology , Volume 05, pp 253-264; https://doi.org/10.4236/wjnst.2015.54025
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to analyze the breeding ratio of a supercritical water cooled fast reactor (SCFR) and to increase the breeding core of SCFR. The sensitivities of assembly parameters, core arrangements and fuel nuclide components to the breeding ratio are analyzed. In assembly parameters, the seed fuel rod diameter has higher sensitivities to the conversion ratio (CR) than the coolant tube diameter in blanket. Increasing heavy metal fraction is good to CR improvement. The CR of SCFR also increases with a reasonable core arrangement and Pu isotope mass fraction reduction in fuel, which can achieve more negative coolant void reactivity coefficient at the same time. The breeding ratio of SCFR is 1.03128 with a new core arrangement. And the coolant void reactivity coefficient is negative, which achieves a fuel breeding in initial fuel cycle.
Keywords: void / reactor / coefficient / Supercritical / cooled / breeding ratio / SCFR / core arrangement
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