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Thoracoscopic Partial Pericardiectomy in dogs with pericardial effusion: 20 Cases

Yusuf Şen, Ali Bumin, Oytun Okan Şenel, Başak ÖZGERMEN, Ali Haydardedeoğlu, Medine Irem Başer

Abstract: Thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive imaging method used in the imaging of the thoracic cavity. In comparison with thoracotomy, thoracoscopy provides better visualisation of even the smallest lesions localised in the thoracic cavity. With the use of thoracoscopy, the operation stress in the patient and tissue trauma are reduced and operating time is shortened. The aim of this study was to evaluate 20 dogs with severe pericardial effusion, which manifested as severe circulation disorder and respiratory distress. The patients determined with pericardial effusion as a result of radiographic and echocardiographic examinations were applied with partial pericardiectomy to achieve permanent health and it was decided to apply this with the minimally invasive thoracoscopic method. The paraxiphoid-trandiaphragmatic approach was applied to the first ten patients and the intercostal approach to the remaining ten. The applicability of thoracoscopic partial pericardiectomy, the advantages compared to open surgery, the differences between the two approach techniques, the disadvantages, complications and success rates were evaluated in the study. At the end of the study, it was concluded that this procedure was a successful procedure for dogs and the trans-diaphragmatic approach was more useful. In conclusion, thoracoscopic partial pericardiectomy was determined to be easy to apply and more advantageous than open thoracotomy operations.
Keywords: stress / partial pericardiectomy / thoracic / cavity / procedure / thoracoscopy / thoracoscopic / dogs

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