New Search

Advanced search
Export article
Open Access

Urolithin A exerts antiobesity effects through enhancing adipose tissue thermogenesis in mice

Sciprofile linkBo Xia, Xiao Chen Shi, Bao Cai Xie, Meng Qing Zhu, Yan Chen, Xin Yi Chu, Guo He Cai, Min Liu, Shi Zhen Yang, Grant A. Mitchell, Wei Jun Pang, Sciprofile linkJiang Wei Wu
Published: 27 March 2020
PLOS Biology , Volume 18; doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3000688

Abstract: Obesity leads to multiple health problems, including diabetes, fatty liver, and even cancer. Here, we report that urolithin A (UA), a gut-microflora–derived metabolite of pomegranate ellagitannins (ETs), prevents diet-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunctions in mice without causing adverse effects. UA treatment increases energy expenditure (EE) by enhancing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and inducing browning of white adipose tissue (WAT). Mechanistically, UA-mediated increased thermogenesis is caused by an elevation of triiodothyronine (T3) levels in BAT and inguinal fat depots. This is also confirmed in UA-treated white and brown adipocytes. Consistent with this mechanism, UA loses its beneficial effects on activation of BAT, browning of white fat, body weight control, and glucose homeostasis when thyroid hormone (TH) production is blocked by its inhibitor, propylthiouracil (PTU). Conversely, administration of exogenous tetraiodothyronine (T4) to PTU-treated mice restores UA-induced activation of BAT and browning of white fat and its preventive role on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced weight gain. Together, these results suggest that UA is a potent antiobesity agent with potential for human clinical applications.
Keywords: Mouse models / obesity / adipocytes / Body weight / body temperature / Brown adipose tissue / Thermogenesis / FATS

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

Share this article

Click here to see the statistics on "PLOS Biology" .
References (85)
    Back to Top Top