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Aujuhu al-Tasyabuhi wa al-Tanahuri Baina al-Lughataini al-Arabiyah wa al-Tamiliyah Ala Mustawa al-Ashwat

Mohammed Cassim Sithy Shathifa

Abstract: Language is every sound the people use to express their ideas and communicate with others. It is the basis of any language. Every language has its own unique systems in phonemic and orthographical symbols. According to this concept, Arabic is a Semitic language whereas Tamil is Indo –European language, there is no doubt that it is difficult to foreign language learners to identify the place of articulation of the unfamiliar sounds, its pronunciations and writing format. Among them are the Tamil – speaking Muslims who use and learn Arabic as a foreign language. They face difficulties in pronouncing and writing Arabic letters, proper nouns and term words due to the lack of clarity in the sounds between these two languages. This study try to identify similarities and differences between the sound of Arabic and Tamil languages. This research focus on descriptive and contrastive methods to analyze the data gathered from secondary data such as books and previous studies related to the topic. The result indicates that the Arabic letters are differ from Tamil letters in terms of their number, writing method and their shapes. And also, it has six vowels similar to the six vowels of Tamil language in pronunciation. But they differ in places of articulation and its aspects. Thus, Consonants of Arabic differ from Tamil consonants in pronunciation places of articulation and IPA for them. Consequently, this study will support to determine the pronunciation of Arabic letters and read Arabic language in the best way.إن اللغة هي أصوات يعبر بها كل قوم عن آرائهم وأفكارهم، وهي أداة تساعد على الاتصال بالآخرين. وكل لغة تتركب من جوانب أربعة : الأصوات، الصرف، النحو ، المعنى. وأما الأصوات فهي أساس اللغة، ولكل لغة نظام صوتي خاص ورموز اصطلاحية. من خلال هذا النظر إلى إن اللغة العربية من العائلة اللغوية السامية والتاملية من مجموعة اللغات الهندو - أوروبية، ومما لاشك فيه يصعب على متعلمي اللغة الأجنبية تحديد مخارج الأصوات الجديدة ونطقها وكتابتها. ومنهم المسلمون الناطقون باللغة التاملية الذين يستخدمون ويتعلمون اللغة العربية كلغة أجنبية، فهم يواجهون المشقة في نطق وكتابة الحروف والأعلام والمصطلحات العربية لعدم الوضوح في أصوات اللغتين العربية والتاملية. فتركزت هذه الدراسة تحديد أصوات اللغتين العربية والتاملية، والكشف عن مواقع الشبه والخلاف الصوتي بين اللغتين. استخدمت...
Keywords: pronunciation / sounds / Arabic Letters / Places of Articulation / العربية / language whereas Tamil

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