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HUBUNGAN KENAIKAN BERAT BADAN IBU DENGAN TAKSIRAN BERAT JANIN

Yati Isnaini Safitri, Nur Masruroh
Midwifery Journal: Jurnal Kebidanan UM. Mataram , Volume 6, pp 17-20; doi:10.31764/mj.v6i1.1531

Abstract: Kecukupan gizi ibu hamil ditentukan oleh kenaikan berat badan ibu yang juga akan mendukung kenaikan berat badan janin serta kecepatan janin mensintesis jaringan. Pencatatan hasil berat badan pada setiap kunjungan ibu hamil bermanfaat untuk mengetahui kesejahteraan janin yang ada di dalam kandungan ibu. Pengukuran Tinggi Fundus Uteri (TFU) menjadi titik awal evaluasi pertumbuhan janin. Taksiran berat janin berguna untuk memantau pertumbuhan janin dalam rahim, sehingga diharapkan dapat mendeteksi dini kemungkinan terjadinya pertumbuhan janin yang abnormal. Tujuan penelitian Menganalisis hubungan antara kenaikan berat badan ibu hamil dengan taksiran berat janin di RBG Zakat Surabaya. Sampel berjumlah 25 ibu adalah ibu hamil trimester 3 yang datang berkunjung ke klinik RBG Zakat Surabaya selama bulan Mei-Agustus 2019. Tehnik pengambilan sample menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan chi-square. Hasil penelitian Berdasarkan hasil uji statistic dengan chi-square di dapatkan hasil perhitungan menunjukkan signifikansi (α) = 0,396. Dengan asumsi jika ρ <0,05 Ho Ditolak maka ada hubungan antara kenaikan berat badan ibu dengan taksiran berat badan janin.The nutritional adequacy of pregnant women is determined by the increase in maternal weight, which will also support the increase in fetal weight, and the rate at which the fetus synthesizes tissue. Recording weight results at every visit of pregnant women is useful to know the welfare of the fetus in the mother's womb. Uterine Fundus Height Measurement (TFU) is the starting point for evaluating fetal growth. Estimated fetal weight is useful for monitoring fetal growth in the uterus, so it is expected to detect early the possibility of abnormal fetal growth. Research Objectives To analyze the relationship between weight gain of pregnant women and fetal weight estimates in RBG Zakat Surabaya. The sample of 25 mothers was 3rd trimester pregnant women who came to visit the Zakat Surabaya RBG clinic during May-August 2019. The sampling technique used purposive sampling technique. Data analysis using chi-square. Results of the study Based on the results of the statistical test with chi-square obtained the calculation results showed significance (α) = 0.396. Assuming if ρ <0.05 Ho is rejected then there is a relationship between maternal weight gain and estimated fetal weight.
Keywords: Estimated fetal / IBU DENGAN / maternal weight / purposive sampling / RBG Zakat / dengan taksiran / chi square / badan ibu / taksiran berat

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