Recent Progress in FD-LC-MS/MS Proteomics Method
Frontiers in Chemistry , Volume 9; doi:10.3389/fchem.2021.640336
Abstract: Through the course of our bio-analytical chemistry studies, we developed a novel proteomics analysis method, FD-LC-MS/MS (fluorogenic derivatization-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry). This method consists of fluorogenic derivatization (FD), LC separation, and detection/quantification of the derivatized proteins, followed by isolation, tryptic digestion of the isolated proteins, and final identification of the isolated proteins using electrospray ionization nano-LC-MS/MS of the generated peptide mixtures with a probability-based protein identification algorithm. In this review, we will present various examples where this method has been used successfully to identify expressed proteins in individual human cells. FD-LC-MS/MS is also suitable for differential proteomics analysis. Here, two biological samples are treated by the same steps mentioned above, and the two chromatograms obtained are compared to identify peaks with different intensities (variation in protein levels). Associated peak fractions are then isolated, and the differentially expressed proteins between the two samples are identified by LC-MS/MS. Several biomarkers for cancers have been identified by FD-LC-MS/MS. For more efficient separation, nano-flow LC with a phenyl-bonded monolithic silica-based capillary column was adopted for cell-expressed intact protein analysis. The derivatized human cell proteins (K562) and yeast cell (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) proteins as model intact cell proteins were analyzed by nano-flow LC with fluorescence detection. More than 1,300 protein peaks were separated/detected from both cells. For straightforward comparison of multiple peak separation profiles, a novel type of chromatogram display, termed the “spiderweb” chromatogram, was developed. A nano-LC-FD-LC-mass spectrometry trial for molecular weight estimation of FD proteins has also been conducted.
Keywords: Bio-analytical chemistry / FD-LC-MS/MS method / Differential proteomics analysis / Spiderweb chromatogram / Nano-flow LC / Monolithic silica-based capillary column / Nano-LC-FD-LC-mass spectrometry
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