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Fire Dynamics Simulation in an Apartment of a Timber Building Depending on the Ventilation Parameter

, Dominika Vandličková
Published: 15 September 2021

Abstract: In modern buildings are also currently used the wooden-based construction systems. A wide range of uses the timber constructions in apartment buildings is a vision of the countries of the EU. The use of timber and the other recyclable materials in apartment buildings creates the precondition for the implementation, operation and disposal of environmental impacts of the EU 2020 Strategy. In the long term is important to transform the construction of buildings to a sustainable standard. Currently, the fire height of timber apartment buildings in majority of EU countries is limited to 5 storeys. This paper deals with the influence of the ventilation parameter in the time and the intensity of the gas temperature during a fire in a model of an apartment building with a timber supporting structure. FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator – PyroSim software) is used for dynamic simulations of fire in the model apartment.
Keywords: Fire safety / Timber building / Fire dynamics simulator / Ventilation parameter / Fire

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