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Light-wave control of correlated materials using quantum magnetism during time-periodic modulation of coherent transport

Panagiotis C. Lingos, Myron D. Kapetanakis, ,
Communications Physics , Volume 4, pp 1-9; doi:10.1038/s42005-021-00561-z

Abstract: Light–wave quantum electronics utilizes the oscillating carrier wave to control electronic properties with intense laser pulses. Without direct light–spin interactions, however, magnetic properties can only be indirectly affected by the light electric field, mostly at later times. A grand challenge is how to establish a universal principle for quantum control of charge and spin fluctuations, which can allow for faster-than-THz clock rates. Using quantum kinetic equations for the density matrix describing non–equilibrium states of Hubbard quasiparticles, here we show that time–periodic modulation of electronic hopping during few cycles of carrier–wave oscillations can dynamically steer an antiferromagnetic insulating state into a metalic state with transient magnetization. While nonlinearities associated with quasi-stationary Floquet states have been achieved before, magneto–electronics based on quasiparticle acceleration by time–periodic multi–cycle fields and quantum femtosecond/attosecond magnetism via strongly–coupled charge–spin quantum excitations represents an alternative way of controlling magnetic moments in sync with quantum transport.
Keywords: light / charge / modulation / magnetism / spin / quantum / quasiparticle / carrier / wave control

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