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Estimation of Botanical Diversity by Molecular Marker Methods

Zahraa A. N. Al-Yassiry, Basheer Al-Alwani

Abstract: Various molecular methods could be utilized in order to investigate botanical diversity. Arbitrary primed DNA, variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR), Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), and sequence-tagged simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are all briefly reviewed. DNA-based approaches have recently been proved to be useful for crucial tasks, like specimen identification and targeted screening for expected or known invaders, according to a recent study. Prior to more ambitious applications, as extensive surveys of complex environmental samples and propagule pressure prediction, could be conducted, considerable technological obstacles should be solved. The aim of the current review was to estimate the molecular techniques used for assessing the genetic diversity of plants. The degree of variation among the plant species based on genetics is described as the genetic diversity of plants, evaluating the possible value regarding the current invasive species monitoring methods.
Keywords: repeats / surveys / DNA / length polymorphism / botanical diversity / fragment length

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