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Urinary Infections in Pregnancy Conditions

Kalpana Thalava Vigila J

Abstract: The urinary tract infections (UTI’s) are common infections that can affect kidneys, ureters, and urethra. About 40% of urinary tract infections are caused during hospitalization and globally an estimated 600,000 patients are affected per year. Urinary tract infections are more prevalent in women due to their short urethra and its anatomical proximity to the anal orifice. A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. Bacteriuria is a major risk factor for the development of urinary tract infections during pregnancy and with further risk of preterm birth & pyelonephritis if untreated. This study was carried out to isolate and identify bacteria involved in the first trimester of pregnancy. A cross sectional study was conducted from February, 2019 to June 2019. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data from pregnant women. UTI was diagnosed by urine culture on standard culture media. Out of 25 pregnant women included in this study, 15 (60.0%) were symptomatic and 10 (40.0%) asymptomatic. Escherichia coli(64%) was the most commonly found bacterial isolate followed by Psedomonas aeruginosa (20%), Klebsiella sp. (12%) and Proteus sp. (0.4%). Antibiotic susceptibility test by Kirby-Bayer Disc diffusion method revealed that all the bacterial isolates subjected to antibiogram test were sensitive or susceptible to Gentamycin, Nalidixic acid, Nitrofurantoin, Amikacin and Co-trimoxazole, and resistant to Amoxicillin, Norfloxacin and erythromycin were resistant to all bacterial isolates.
Keywords: urethra / pregnant / Structured / pregnancy / women / bacterial isolates / tract infections / urinary tract / infection may cause

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