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Hardware Resource Analysis in Distributed Training with Edge Devices

Published: 26 December 2019
 by  MDPI AG
Electronics , Volume 9; doi:10.3390/electronics9010028

Abstract: When training a deep learning model with distributed training, the hardware resource utilization of each device depends on the model structure and the number of devices used for training. Distributed training has recently been applied to edge computing. Since edge devices have hardware resource limitations such as memory, there is a need for training methods that use hardware resources efficiently. Previous research focused on reducing training time by optimizing the synchronization process between edge devices or by compressing the models. In this paper, we monitored hardware resource usage based on the number of layers and the batch size of the model during distributed training with edge devices. We analyzed memory usage and training time variability as the batch size and number of layers increased. Experimental results demonstrated that, the larger the batch size, the fewer synchronizations between devices, resulting in less accurate training. In the shallow model, training time increased as the number of devices used for training increased because the synchronization between devices took more time than the computation time of training. This paper finds that efficient use of hardware resources for distributed training requires selecting devices in the context of model complexity and that fewer layers and smaller batches are required for efficient hardware use.
Keywords: Deep Learning / Internet of Things / Performance monitoring / edge computing / Distributed Training

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