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Adaptación y modificación del programa preventivo del consumo de drogas “Tú Decides”

Paola Lizeth Flores-Garza, Karla Selene López-García, Benito Israel Jiménez-Padilla, María Magdalena Alonso Castillo, Francisco Rafael Guzmán Facundo
Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones , Volume 7, pp 33-42; doi:10.28931/riiad.2021.1.05

Abstract: Introduction: alcohol and marijuana are the most widely used drugs nowadays and their consumption occurs mainly during adolescence. In Mexico, different drug use prevention programs have been developed, one of them is the “Tú Decides” program, by Rodriguez et al. (2011). This program was carried out under the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991); it consists of five sessions of 50 minutes each and its objective is to reduce the experimental use of illicit drugs and the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. The program was applied to a vulnerable population in the center of the country, where it had a moderate effect on perceived behavioral control and drug use intention. Objective: to describe the stages of adaptation and extension of the theoretical basis of the intervention “Tú Decides”, focusing it on the prevention of alcohol and/or marijuana consumption in adolescents in northeastern Mexico.Method: to carry out this adaptation and modification process, the adaptation model of Barrera and Castro (2006) was taken as a basis. Results: the preliminary adaptation and modification were well accepted and successfully evaluated by the adolescents. Conclusions: the adapted intervention was named “Tú Decides +”. It is composed of four sessions from the original intervention, a self-efficacy session, and three emotional intelligence sessions, which give a total of 8 sessions of 45 minutes; it aims to reduce the intention to consume and the consumption of alcohol and/or marijuana. It is expected that by adapting and modifying to the needs of the specific population, more effective and lasting results will be obtained
Keywords: alcohol / adaptation / behavioral / marijuana / del / efficacy / sessions / Tú Decides

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