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Non-Thypoid Salmonella Causes Food-borne Diseases Causing:Prevention and Control

Engki Zelpina, Susan M Noor
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , Volume 30, pp 221-229; doi:10.14334/wartazoa.v30i4.2194

Abstract: Non-typhypoid Salmonella (NTS) is a pathogenic bacteria causing gastroenteritis in humans which is transmitted through animals and contaminated animal products with Salmonella typhimurium or Salmonella enteritidis. Many cases of NTS infection in humans have been reported in the world, however most people in Indonesian are generally more familiar with Salmonella typhoid, which is caused by Salmonella typhoid and Salmonella paratypoid. Gastroenteritis due to NTS infection seldom requires antimicrobial treatment. If there is no post-infectious complications such as septicemia, reactive arthritis or aortic aneurysm. Eggs, chicken meat, raw milk and other animal products contaminated with NTS are a source of transmission through food (food-borne pathogens). An estimated 1-3% of pets carry NTS without causing illness. Treatment of NTS in humans can be done by administering antibiotics, but the increase in Salmonella resistance to several types of antibiotics makes it more effective to prevent it through biosecurity applications in farms and prevent contamination of livestock products and their derivatives. This paper provides an overview of NTS, epidemiology, diagnosis and procedures for infection prevention and control in humans and animal reservoirs.
Keywords: Treatment / gastroenteritis / Salmonella / antibiotics / typhoid / NTS / pathogenic / Contaminated Animal

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