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TNFAIP3 Deficiency Affects Monocytes, Monocytes-Derived Cells and Microglia in Mice

Published: 18 April 2020
 by  MDPI AG
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , Volume 21; doi:10.3390/ijms21082830

Abstract: The intracellular-ubiquitin-ending-enzyme tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) is a potent inhibitor of the pro-inflammatory nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cell (NF-kB) pathway. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in TNFAIP3 locus have been associated to autoimmune inflammatory disorders, including Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Previously, we reported a TNFAIP3 down-regulated gene expression level in blood and specifically in monocytes obtained from treatment-naïve MS patients compared to healthy controls (HC). Myeloid cells exert a key role in the pathogenesis of MS. Here we evaluated the effect of specific TNFAIP3 deficiency in myeloid cells including monocytes, monocyte-derived cells (M-MDC) and microglia analyzing lymphoid organs and microglia of mice. TNFAIP3 deletion is induced using conditional knock-out mice for myeloid lineage. Flow-cytometry and histological procedures were applied to assess the immune cell populations of spleen, lymph nodes and bone marrow and microglial cell density in the central nervous system (CNS), respectively. We found that TNFAIP3 deletion in myeloid cells induces a reduction in body weight, a decrease in the number of M-MDC and of common monocyte and granulocyte precursor cells (CMGPs). We also reported that the lack of TNFAIP3 in myeloid cells induces an increase in microglial cell density. The results suggest that TNFAIP3 in myeloid cells critically controls the development of M-MDC in lymphoid organ and of microglia in the CNS.
Keywords: inflammation / microglia / myeloid cells / Tnfaip3 / Monocyte and Macrophage

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