Populist Political, Discursive and Ideological Definitions
Published: 1 January 2021
Abstract: This scientific contribution questions the economic, discursive and ideological definitions of populism and defends and develops a political-strategic conceptualization. The method used in this contribution is a bibliographic review under the search criteria “populist political currents” in the Web of Science database. In this way, 52 documents are detected. This academic material was reduced to 43 documents which were related and referenced in this manuscript. In addition, this research considers and refers to the material delivered in the Political Systems subject of the Doctorate in Public Administration program, of the National University of the Littoral, Faculty of Economic Sciences. The resulting definition emphasizes personalistic leadership that is based on the direct, unmediated, and institutionalized support of large masses of mostly unorganized followers. The contribution of this manuscript, resolved in: A theorization of populism. Analysis of the current discursive field of populism. Declaration of the common practices of populist leaders. A vision of the decline of notions of economic populism. Study of the incongruities between style and form, rhetoric and reality, of the populist currents. And last but not least, an analysis of the persistent confusion about populism.
Keywords: Political Sciences / Political Currents / Political Theory
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