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Antioxidant effects of immunomodulators in patients with recurrent pyelonephritis

M. Kolesnyk, L. Korol, Natalia Stepanova, V. Driianska, L. Migal, V. Savchenko
Ukrainian Journal of Nephrology and Dialysis pp 18-28; doi:10.31450/ukrjnd.2(58).2018.04

Abstract: The purpose of our work was to investigate the effect of immunomodulatory medicines on the intensity of oxidative stress (OS), the cytokines level and the activity of renospecific enzymes in patients with recurrent pyelonephritis (rPN). Methods. A prospective, randomized, open-label study involved of 100 women aged 33.4 ± 8.8 year old. According to the sensitivity of the detected pathogens all patients received antibacterial therapy for two weeks. Along with the main course of antibiotic therapy, 25 patients were assigned Sodium nucleinate at a dose of 0.25 g 4 times per day during 14 days, 18 patients were prescribed Galavit intramuscularly 2 ml per dayfor 10 days, and 27patients were prescribed Proteflazid according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The comparison group consisted of 30 women with rPN who received antibiotic therapy exclusively.Women were screened before and after the treatment. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA), ceruloplasmin (CP), transferrin (TF) and sulfhydryl groups (SH-groups) were determined in the blood by colorimetric method. Oxidative stress index (OSI) was calculated. The concentration of interleukins (IL) -1f, -4, -8, -10, -17, tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a), transforming growth factor f (TGF-f), monocytic chemoactive protein-1 (MCP-1) and interferon y (IFN-y) were analyzed in the blood of the women using an ELISA. To evaluate the functional state of the renal parenchyma the activity of tubular lysosome enzymes a total f-N-acetylhexosaminidase and f-galactosidase were determined in urine. Results. The use of Sodium nucleinate decreased of the OS activity by reducing MDA level (p
Keywords: stress / Protein / Treatment / Sodium / functional / MDA / Pyelonephritis / antibiotic / Nucleinate

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