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GENDER DIFFERENCES IN STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENTS IN LEARNING CONCEPTS OF ELECTRICITY VIA STEAM INTEGRATED APPROACH UTILIZING SCRATCH

Wee-Ling Tan, Mohd Ali Samsudin, Mohd Erfy Ismail, Nur Jahan Ahmad
Problems of Education in the 21st Century , Volume 78, pp 423-448; doi:10.33225/pec/20.78.423

Abstract: The main aim of the presented research was to examine the interaction between student’s gender and achievements in learning concepts of electricity via STEAM integrated approach utilizing Scratch. This research was aimed to determine the gender disparity for lower-secondary school students in learning about the concepts of electricity. Quasi-experimental design involving male and female groups was used in this research. Students were required to utilize Scratch to design games and animated stories on electricity concepts. The Electricity Achievement Test (EAT) was administered for pre- and post-test. The findings proved that the STEAM integrated approach via Scratch could narrow the gap between male and female in learning concepts of electricity. The findings of ANCOVA indicated that the intervention had similar positive effects on male and female students' achievement in learning concepts of electricity. This research also provided a new method and an alternate connective framework for learning concepts of electricity via art and showed that both males and females were able to understand the topic of electricity, which reduced gender biases and disparity in the field of science. Keywords: electricity achievement level, Gender gap, Scratch, STEAM integrated approach.
Keywords: disparity / students / scratch / achievements in learning concepts / learning concepts of electricity

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