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Comprehensive Review on Leading Edge Turbine Blade Cooling Technologies

Chirag Sharma, Siddhant Kumar, Aanya Singh, Kartik R. Bhat Hire, Vedant Karnatak, Varun Pandey, Jeet Gupta, Rishabh Shrimali, Sanjay Singh, Shoaib Sultan Noorsha,
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International Journal of Heat and Technology , Volume 39, pp 403-416; doi:10.18280/ijht.390209

Abstract: Developments in the gas turbine technology have caused widespread usage of the Turbomachines for power generation. With increase in the power demand and a drop in the availability of fuel, usage of turbines with higher efficiencies has become imperative. This is only possible with an increase in the turbine inlet temperature (TIT) of the gas. However, the higher limit of TIT is governed by the metallurgical boundary conditions set by the material used to manufacture the turbine blades. Hence, turbine blade cooling helps in drastically controlling the blade temperature of the turbine and allows a higher turbine inlet temperature. The blade could be cooled from the leading edge, from the entire surface of the blade or from the trailing edge. The various methods of blade cooling from leading edge and its comparative study were reviewed and summarized along with their advantages and disadvantages.
Keywords: blade cooling / leading edge / usage / TIT / turbine blades / technology

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