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Мethod of Functional Treatment of Refractive Amblyopia in Children Using Alternating Presentation of Stereo Stimules

S. I. Rychkova, V. G. Likhvantseva
Published: 24 September 2020
Ophthalmology in Russia , Volume 17; doi:10.18008/1816-5095-2020-3-429-434

Abstract: The research is devoted to one of the most urgent problems of modern ophthalmology — the search for new approaches to creating effective methods of functional treatment of refractive amblyopia using computer technologies.The purpose of the work is to evaluate the effectiveness of computer technology with consistent use of alternating and non-alternating modes of presentation of stereostimulars in the functional treatment of refractive amblyopia in children.Patients and methods. 105 patients with refractive amblyopia at the age of 7 to 17 (on average 11.45 ± 0.3) years were observed. Refraction was hypermetropic in 31 (29.5 %) children, myopic in 62 (59 %) and mixed astigmatism was detected in 12 (11.5 %) children. The visual acuity of the best-seeing eye was on average 0.76 ± 0.01, that of the worse-seeing eye was 0.68 ± 0.02, and that of the binocular eye was 0.77 ± 0.01. In the study on synoptophore, all children had normal correspondence of the retina with the fusion reserves, which were significantly reduced. The character of vision was binocular in all children, but the presence of stereo vision on the Fly test was detected in 96 (91.4 %) children, and on the Lang test only in 73 (69.5 %) children. Functional treatment was performed using computer programs with sequential use of modes of alternating and non-alternating presentation of stereo stimuli with certain characteristics.Results. As a result of the course of treatment, the number of children with stereo vision increased from 96 (91.4 %) to 105 (100 %) on the Fly test and from 73 (69.52 %) to 97 (92.4 %) on the Lang test. In addition, there was a significant increase in visual acuity (on average, up to 0.96 ± 0.01 for the best-seeing eye, up to 0.9 ± 0.01 for the worse-seeing eye, and up to 0.97 ± 0.01 binocularly). There was also an increase in positive fusion reserves by 1.5 times and negative reserves by 1.3 times.Conclusion. Visual training with computer programs that provide the consistent use of modes of alternating and non-alternating presentation of stereo stimuli with certain characteristics is an effective way of functional treatment of refractive amblyopia in children, allowing to increase monocular and binocular visual acuity, improve the performance of fusion reserves and improve the state of stereo vision.

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